The 5 ICLEI Pathways

At the subnational level, ICLEI drives change along five interconnected pathways that cut across sectors and jurisdictional boundaries. This design enables local and regional governments to think holistically and take an integrated approach to sustainable urban development.

ICLEI experts and subnational government representatives work collaboratively at the city or regional level to identify challenges and take success factors to the next level. Through this collaboration, ICLEI experts define an entry point for longer term and broader thinking about sustainable urban development.

An individual project or initiative may be oriented along a specific pathway, such as resilient development. ICLEI experts then explore connections points with other pathways to bring about systemic change – for instance by looking at where equity intersects with resilience or where nature-based solutions can contribute.

At the urban scale, these pathways balance the patterns of human life, the built environment and the natural systems in and around our cities. This changes individual communities and, through collective action, creates a multiplier effect that drives sustainable development nationally, regionally and globally. These pathways embody the goals and values laid out in the global sustainability agenda, and are a means to achieve progress at all levels.

Low Emission Development Pathway

The low emission development pathway curbs climate change, creates new economic opportunities and improves the health of human and natural systems.

Through this pathway, local and regional governments reduce environmentally harmful pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions from heating, cooling, lighting and food systems, and reduce noise. They reduce greenhouse gas emissions in all activities, especially in transport, waste and buildings. They aim for carbon neutral infrastructure and operations by mid-century, and usher in a renewable energy era, by divesting from fossil fuels, committing to 100 percent renewable energy and using nature-based solutions. They promote sustainable passenger and freight mobility, prioritize clean fuel policies and electric vehicles from renewable energy, and give priority to people-centered mobility solutions.


Nature-based Development Pathway

The nature-based development pathway protects and enhances the biodiversity and urban ecosystems, which underpin key aspects of local economies and the well-being and resilience of our communities.

Through this pathway, local and regional governments prioritize healthy local environments, in which air, water, soil and all natural resources that sustain life and health are protected and nurtured. They deploy strategies and plans that unlock the potential for nature to provide essential services and new economic opportunities. They apply nature-based solutions, use blue and green infrastructure and promote green zones.


Circular Development Pathway

The circular development pathway and new models of production and consumption build sustainable societies that use recyclable, sharable and replenishing resources to end the linear model of produce, consume, discard.

Through this pathway, local and regional governments decouple urban and economic development from resource consumption and factor environmental and social costs into the price of goods and services. They encourage equitable access to resources and create closed-loop urban and peri-urban systems. They support new local economies that are productive and not extractive, where resources are exchanged and not wasted. Local and regional governments prioritize sustainable waste management and work with the business sector from early-market engagement to the delivery of solutions that support local sustainability goals and that meet the needs of all citizens. They use procurement power to green economies.


Resilient Development Pathway

The resilient development pathway anticipates, prevents, absorbs and recovers from shocks and stresses, especially those brought about by rapid environmental technological, social and demographic change, and to improve essential basic response structures and functions.

Through this pathway, local and regional governments make resilience a core part of municipal strategies and prepare for new risks and impacts, taking into account the rights and needs of vulnerable sections of society. They continuously strengthen essential systems, alleviating the burden on people and the environment. They pursue a transparent and inclusive approach that will enhance trust in institutions and the processes that support them.


Equitable and People-centered Development Pathway

Equitable and people-centered development builds more just, livable and inclusive urban communities and addresses poverty.

Through this pathway, local and regional governments pursue processes and patterns that support inclusive development for all and that safeguard the natural support systems for human life. They ensure that the natural and built environment in and around cities improves livability and safety, promotes human health and mitigates disease. They pursue secure and safe access to food, water, energy and sanitation for all, and clean air and soil. They create and sustain human-centered, safe, socially and culturally cohesive communities, where diversity and distinct identities are woven into the social fabric.

 
 
 
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