World Circular Economy Forum 2018 hosted in Yokohama
The World Circular Economy Forum 2018 (WCEF2018) was hosted in Yokohama, Japan on 22-24 October. Jointly hosted by the Finnish Innovation Fund Sitra and the Japanese Ministry of Environment, WCEF2018 is the biggest global event on the circular economy, gathering 1,100 experts and change-makers from around the world to have an in-depth discussion on their visions.
Circular economy strategies enable the world to tackle climate change challenges, polluted environments, and unemployment. Strong political and business leadership and collaboration would allow societies to move away from the current linear economic paradigm; whereas city-to-city cooperation and mutual learning would make the circular economy possible at the local level.
As a global leading network of sustainable development, ICLEI actively participated in this year’s Forum and highlighted the role of local governments in fostering the circular transition.
In the grand opening of the Forum, representatives from Japan, Finland, the European Commission, Global Environmental Facility, the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development, and UNEP, all highlighted the circular approach as a vehicle to achieve the Paris Agreement goals and the Sustainable Development Goals. “The circular economy is the industrial leg of fighting climate change”, stated Jyrki Katainen, Vice-president of the European Commission, who further called for global public-private collaboration on the topic.
Fumiko Hayashi, Mayor of Yokohama, delivered the welcome speech at the grand opening of WCEF2018 / Photo: Yuki Kato
Yokohama, the largest Japanese municipality and an active ICLEI Member, represented by Mayor Fumiko Hayashi, demonstrated the municipality’s efforts to reduce waste generation and food waste, and share the lessons learned with cities worldwide.
Key outcomes of the 2018 Forum include:
- A Memorandum of Environmental Cooperation on climate change and environmental collapse was signed between the Japanese Ministry of Environment and the Finnish Ministry of Environment.
- Shinzo Abe, Prime Minister of Japan, announced that Japan will take the lead on the circular economy within the international community and will utilize its presidency of G20 in 2019 to raise the related challenges of plastic waste and marine pollution, climate change, and biodiversity.
- Sitra published WCEF Visions 2050 as a conclusion of this year’s Forum, outlining the circular economy approach will bring possible solutions to the threat we face to natural resources, manufacturing, transportation, services, food, living, plastics, and capabilities.
MOU between Finland and Japan
Finland has the ambition to become the global front-runner in the circular economy by 2025 and is committed to achieving carbon-neutral. The National Government developed the “Leading the Cycle – Finnish Road Map to a Circular Economy 2010-2025” in 2016 with the support and cooperation of the Finnish Innovation Fund Sitra and various stakeholders. The organization of the WCEF was included in the Road Map as a way to facilitate global collaborations and joint actions.
Japan, on the other hand, has been the leader of the 3Rs (reduce, reuse, and recycle) and the circular economy — known as the Sound Material-Cycle Society and “Mottainai” in the country — since it enacted the Basic Act for Establishing a Sound Material-Cycle Society in 2001 and the Fundamental Plan for Establishing a Sound Material-Cycle Society in 2003. The 4th Fundamental Plan which included further approaches to pursue the circular economy was again adopted in 2018. As the host of the Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games and G20 presidency, Japan will keep leading the world towards a more sustainable and circular future.
The Memorandum of Environmental Cooperation signed between Japan and Finland demonstrated that the two countries have reached an agreement to seek further cooperation on climate change and environmental collapse.
Japan’s Minister of the Environment Yoshiaki Harada and Finland’s Minister of the Environment Kimmo Tiilikainen
signed a Memorandum of Environmental Cooperation. Photo / Tatsuya HirotaPhoto / Tatsuya Hirota
Circular Economy for Better Environment and Sustainable Future
The 3-day Forum is composed of a number of parallel sessions and plenaries. In the parallel session “Circular Food Systems in Cities”, Kazuo Fukuyama, Director General, Resources and Waste Recycling Bureau of Yokohama, presented the city’s efforts to reduce food waste by 20% by 2021 through raising public awareness, environmental education activities, and collaboration with local stakeholders. Yvonne Yang, Program Officer of ICLEI East Asia joined the session as a panelist to introduce ICLEI’s new initiative “Green Circular Cities Coalition” and highlighted policy and institutional environment, information transparency, and local governments’ facilitation as solutions to up-scaling the circular economy.
Yvonne Yang, Program Officer of ICLEI East Asia introduced the Green Circular Cities Coalition / Photo: ICLEI Japan
In the parallel session “Building a Sound-Material Cycle Society: Learnings from Japan”, Tokutaro Nakai, Director-General for Environmental Policy, Ministry of Environment, Japan, emphasized the concept of “regional circular and ecological sphere” adopted in the country’s Fifth Basic Environment Plan to achieve resource circulation and to harmonize human life with nature by integrating and coordinating natural resource and public engagement.
Japanese cities of Osaka and Kitakyushu demonstrated their practices on plastic resource circulation, food waste and packaging reduction, and the eco-town project. Oriana Romano, the Policy Analyst of Cities, Urban Policies and Sustainable Development Division of OECD, introduced a research project on governance and implementation of the circular economy in cities. She suggested that the practices of city-to-city cooperation and collaboration across national, regional, and local governments in Japan could be fruitful experiences for other countries and cities to learn from.
With Brazil as an example, Izabella Teixeira, Co-chair of the UNEP International Resource Panel highlighted the importance of tailoring different approaches for cities on various scales at the plenary session “Social, Environmental, and Economic Benefits from Circular Economy in Developing Countries”. She also addressed the need for the inclusion of rural and urban development to make the circular economy sustainable.
The grand finale of the Forum calls for international cooperation for the circular economy. To shift away from the current linear paradigm, governments, companies, and citizens should set specific actions of their own and collaborate through multi-stakeholder partnerships depending on their responsibilities, and without compromising local and regional characteristics. While Mari Pantsar, Director of Sitra was disappointed about the circular economy being left out of the latest IPCC 1.5 Degrees Report as a recommended key solution, participants of WCEF2018 are confident that the joint movement will continue to grow and make the world more circular and sustainable.
ICLEI East Asia joined the second day of the 11th 3R Conference for Asian Local Governments organized by the Japan Environmental Sanitation Center. ICLEI Member cities of Yokohama, Kitakyushu, and Kawasaki shared their city-to-city cooperation on food waste and plastic waste management with the cities of Davao (Philippines), Hai Phong (Vietnam), and Yangon (Myanmar). Besides experience and knowledge exchange between local governments, investment in technologies and environmental education was also included in city-to-city collaborations.
During the excursion, participants were divided into three groups for different facilities in Yokohama City, including a waste plastic recycling facility, an organic waste composting facility, and a facility producing animal feed from organic waste. All participants then went to the Kanazawa Incineration Plant, which is one of four waste-to-energy sites in the city.
Central control room of the Kanazawa Incineration Plant / Photo: ICLEI East Asia
This newsbit refers to WCEF Bulletin published by International Institute for Sustainable Development on 26 Oct 2018.